A versatile, high-speed interface for displays in smartphones, tablets, laptops, automotive and other platforms

Quick Facts

Physical Layer

MIPI D-PHY

Fundamental Features
  • High performance
  • Low power
  • Low EMI
Use Cases

UHD resolution

Embedded displays

Smart meters

Video game devices

Smart watches

Virtual or augmented reality Head-mounted devices

In-sight (glass) devices

Industries

Icon of a Smart PhoneIcon of a TabletIcon of a laptopIcon of an AutomobileIcon of a cloud with the letters IoT inside.Icon of a Smartwatch

Overview

The MIPI Display Serial Interface (MIPI DSISM) defines a high-speed serial interface between a host processor and a display module. The interface enables manufacturers to integrate displays to achieve high performance, low power, and low electromagnetic interference (EMI) while reducing pin count and maintaining compatibility across different vendors. Designers can use MIPI DSI to facilitate brilliant color rendering for the most demanding imagery and video scenes and to support transmission of stereoscopic content.

MIPI DSI has been widely adopted. It is ubiquitous in smartphones and also being used in tablets, laptops and laptop/tablet hybrids. It is also being implemented by the automotive industry for dashboard displays and in-car infotainment systems, and used in wearables, IoT and virtual/augmented reality applications.

MIPI DSI operates on the MIPI D-PHY physical layer. It uses a command set defined in the MIPI Display Command Set (MIPI DCS). It also incorporates the Display Stream Compression (DSC) Standard from the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA). Overall, the feature set of MIPI DSI is quite similar to that of the more recent MIPI DSI-2 specification, which offers support for both D-PHY and C-PHY.

DSI/DSI-2 PHY Compatibility
  D-PHY 1.01
(1.0Gbps/lane)
D-PHY 1.1
(1.5Gbps/lane)
D-PHY 1.2
(2.5Gbps/lane)
D-PHY 2.0
(4.5Gbps/lane)
C-PHY
DSI 1.0 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
DSI 1.1 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
DSI 1.2 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
DSI 1.3 Yes Yes Yes Yes No
DSI-2 1.0 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

MIPI DSI is developed by the MIPI Display Working Group. The latest MIPI DSI update, v1.3.1, was released in 2015. 

Note: The specification is available only to MIPI Alliance members. For information about MIPI Alliance membership, visit Join MIPI.